THE OVERTURE TO LUKE-ACTS. Answer: The Jews purchased and prepared the best viands they could procure for the Sabbath day, in order to do it honor.  H. D. M. Spence, Pulpit Commentary (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. The first said unto him, I have bought a field, and I must needs go out and see it; I pray thee have me excused. Let the man who will not follow Jesus consider that his refusal is a denial of the only hope of redemption. And his doctrine also, as well as his example, has taught us to be harmless as doves; to love our enemies; to do good to them that hate us; and pray for them that despitefully use and persecute us.". Was the Lord merely passing out some advice, or is there a deeper meaning? B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1962), Vol. Jesus’ critics accused Jesus of being a winebibber and a glutton (7:34). Boles' comment on this is: "It is far better to give to relieve the distressed than to set a feast to those who do not need it. Jesus at a Pharisee’s House. Luke 14 Bible Commentary. Luke 14:33.  Matthew Henry and Thomas Scott, Commentary on the Holy Bible (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1960), Vol. Like human vultures, those evil men were waiting for Jesus to fall into their trap; but he took it all in at a glance, snaring them with one of their own devices, a dilemma. Just as the Lord helped Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, mentioned in the preceding chapter, so will he help all who truly desire to be his followers. Luke 14:1-24.HEALING OF A DROPSICAL MAN, AND MANIFOLD TEACHINGS AT A SABBATH FEAST. Luke 14 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is filled with great exegesis and written by the best British Bible scholars of the time. A more honorable man than thou ... What an irony is this! This point is clearly determined by the lip of truth itself; and persecution is so far from being encouraged by the Gospel, that it is most directly contrary to many of its precepts, and indeed to its whole genius. So therefore whosoever he be of you that renounceth not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple. The great supper = God's kingdom, Many = the IsraelitesSIZE>MONO>. This Sunday Jesus begins his public ministry by proclaiming release (aphesis) to captives and the oppressed. Persecution is much more likely to make men hypocrites than sincere converts. And he said unto them, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a well, and will not straightway draw him up on a sabbath day? And another said, I have married a wife and therefore I cannot come. Raphelius, on Mark 3:2, has proved from a variety of authorities that this is a frequent meaning of the word: - clam et insidiose observare, quid alter agat - to observe privately and insidiously what another does. Giving great honor to those who are distinguished. " As far as these excuses may be weighed as justifying the refusal of those bidden to attend the feast, they are worthless and therefore ridiculous; but from the standpoint of the carnal man, they did pertain to the things men of the world hold to be most important: real estate, business, and family relations. International Bible Lesson Commentary .  John William Russell, Compact Commentary on the New Testament (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1964), p. 175. And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them. The parable had an application to Israel. Men who would not were as worthless as tasteless salt. Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project Jesus declares that leadership requires humble service to others, as we see in three additional passages. 5, Luke, p. 276. And he said to him also that had bidden him, When thou makest dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, nor thy kinsmen, nor rich neighbors; lest haply they also bid thee again and a recompense be made thee. Luke 14:1 And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him. (1) Jesus eats in a Pharisee’s home.  Herschel H. Hobbs, An Exposition of the Gospel of Luke (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1966), p. 227.  Charles L. Childers, op. A significant difference appears in the fact that the first of these two parables regards building, and this regards fighting, the same being two phases of the Christian life. The reference in Luke 10:34 is to a pandocheion or a public lodging-place, clearly a public place where the wounded could be fed and cared for by the innkeeper. "The only restriction upon those feasts was that the food had to be cooked the day before.". In Luke 14:1, 7-14, the social matrix of first-century life is on display, and we hear Jesus speak into this matrix both with communal wisdom and unexpected, even astonishing, advice. The Biblical use of this word becomes clear when it is recalled that Jacob loved Rachel more than Leah (Genesis 29:30), and that the next verse says that "The Lord saw that Leah was hated." A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. 1 One Sabbath, when Jesus went to eat in the house of a prominent Pharisee, he was being carefully watched. Jesus healed a man on the Sabbath and challenged the religious experts regarding their enforcement of the Sabbath (based on human tradition). On the subject referred to this place from Luke 14:23, Compel them to come in, which has been adduced to favor religious persecution, I find the following sensible and just observations in Dr. Dodd's notes. In watching the selfish scrambling for the chief seats, it suddenly appeared to Jesus that the unseemly thing going on in his presence was typical of a far greater sin on the part of that same class of people. The man who can take such an advantage over one of his own guests must have a baseness of soul, and a fellness of malice, of which, we would have thought, for the honor of human nature, that devils alone were capable. 4 But they remained silent 14 One Sabbath, when Jesus went to eat in the house of a prominent Pharisee, he was being carefully watched. 4 And they held their peace. 16 Jesus replied: "A certain man was preparing a great banquet and invited many guests. Meals are important in Luke-Acts. "Jesus did not condemn this act of mercy (to animals); but he did condemn their attitude toward men.". on StudyLight.org Every soul that contemplates the terms of discipleship as outlined here must fall on his knees and say, "Lord, I am a disciple; help me to be a disciple." And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel. Let it be considered that all of the sobbing tides of human mortality converge in the abyss of the grave, that all of the strength, beauty, and glory of life are only for a moment, that only Christ has provided the remedy for sin, stabbed the gloom of death with eternal' light, planted the lilies of the resurrection upon the tomb, and arched every cemetery on earth with a rainbow of promise. For a more detailed study of the salt metaphor, see my Commentary on Matthew, Matthew 5:13. They all began to make excuse — One of them pleads only his own will, I go: another, a pretended necessity, I must needs go: the third, impossibility, I cannot come: all of them want the holy hatred mentioned Luke 14:26. Meals are important in Luke-Acts. " This is not therefore the usual type of parable with clear analogies. Spectators often entered the house to witness an eastern banquet"; but as Russell noted, "Other schemes of the Pharisees on like occasions make it very probable that the Pharisees had placed him there. He stunned them with that metaphor of eating flesh and drinking his blood (John 6:52f). To refuse the second invitation was an insult, equivalent among the Arab tribes to a declaration of war.". Let it only be considered what violence and persecution can do towards producing such an inward conviction. Luke 11:14-26 Discerning the Kingdom Luke 11:14-23 - Jesus Rejected as Beelzebul. Based upon the chemical fact that sodium chloride CANNOT lose its taste, that salt "(cannot) ever lose its peculiar pungency and power to hinder corruption," Bliss concluded that "no true subject of regenerating grace ever has or ever will become utterly void of new life. As the guests took their seats at the table, Jesus watched them very, very carefully. Like any other passage in the Bible, this one cannot be understood or applied if contextual information is ignored. Luke 14:15-24 Commentary The Parable of the Great Banquet 15 When one of those at the table with him heard this, he said to Jesus, "Blessed are those who will eat at the feast in the kingdom of God." Verse 26 is particularly important because loyalty to Christ is the issue in this context. 'Obstinacy,' as one well observes, 'may rise as the understanding is oppressed, and continue its opposition for a while, merely to avenge the cause of its injured liberty.'. I shall make no apology for inserting the following anecdote. They were behaving very badly, as we will see. Jesus Heals on the Sabbath. Answer: The Parable of the Great Banquet is found in Luke 14:15-24. Undoubtedly he would complain of this as a very great hardship, and soon see the absurdity and injustice of such a treatment when it fell upon him, and when such measure as he would mete to others was measured to him again. Geldenhuys affirmed that this verse does not deny either a resurrection of the wicked or the fact of its being simultaneous with the resurrection in view here. 14. No man is wise in any ultimate sense, good in any heavenly sense, or powerful in any eternal sense. And answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day? A little later, Jesus would return to this same subject by relating the story of the Pharisee and the publican (Luke 18:9ff); but here he announced the eternal ethic of humility. Spence pointed out that Herod had divorced his first wife, the daughter of a powerful Arabian prince, in order to marry Herodias, which precipitated a war between them. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient. When thou art bidden of any man to a marriage feast, sit not down in the chief seat; lest haply a more honorable man than thou be bidden of him. And it came to pass, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him. The anger of the master of the house is the same as the anger of the king (Matthew 22:7), and in both parables it is the anger of God for their rejection of the Son of God which is indicated. This will be the effect of persecution where it is yielded to; and where it is opposed (as it must often be by upright and conscientious men, who have the greater claim upon the protection and favor of government) the mischievous consequences of its fury will be more flagrant and shocking. " For further comment on the grace of humility, see under Matthew 23:12 in my Commentary on Matthew, Matthew 23:11-12. ", "The Jews took only two meals on week days, but they had three meals on the sabbath"; that extra meal was celebrated after the morning worship and was the big meal of the entire week. 4. And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day? # 14:2 Or who had dropsy. Many other people were there, too—important people as well as people who were hoping to become important.  Richard C. Trench, Notes on the Parables of Our Lord (Old Tappan, New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1953), p. 362. All of the details of this parable and the one following are inert factors. The Lord had naturally included his host in the remarks addressed to the guests; but he reserved a very special word for the host himself.  George R. Bliss, An American Commentary on the New Testament (Valley Forge, Pennsylvania: The Judson Press,), Vol. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Luke 4:14-21 . It is similar to the Parable of the Wedding Feast (Matthew 22:1-14), but with some significant differences. Luke 14:3). Luke 14, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work " Second, the Pharisee intended to use the occasion against Jesus. This renewal of the invitation (Luke 14:17) through Christ and his apostles was the final call of Israel to the feast of the kingdom of God. And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple. Whosoever doth not bear his own cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple. 16, Luke II, p. 24. And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them. EXEGESIS: LUKE 14:1-6. For every one that exalteth himself shall be humbled; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted. September 1, 2013. It is similar to the Parable of the Wedding Feast (Matthew 22:1-14), but with some significant differences. The following miracles were performed on the sabbath day: The healing of the man with the withered hand (Luke 6:6), The healing of the woman crippled eighteen years (Luke 13:14), The healing of the paralytic at the pool of Bethesda (John 5:9), The healing of the man born blind (John 9:14), The healing of the demoniac in the synagogue at Capernaum (Mark 1:21), The healing of the man with dropsy, as recorded herSIZE>, Thus, the Pharisees had every reason to believe that if confronted with the opportunity Jesus would surely heal on any sabbath day; therefore they contrived the incident before us. What if he were to go abroad into the world among Papists, if he be a Protestant; among Mohammedans if he be a Christian? Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand? LUKE 14 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE Jesus at a Pharisee’s House 1 One Sabbath, when Jesus went to eat in the house of a prominent Pharisee, he was being carefully watched. "The results were disastrous to Herod.". The truly difficult part of the requirement in view here is in the words, "yea, and his own life also," Loving the Lord more than self is the plan of salvation. These specific examples continue to show that John is not trying to … If it be, as the advocates for persecution have generally supposed, a dictate of the law of nature to propagate the true religion by the sword; then certainly a Mohammedan or an idolater, with the same notions, supposing him to have truth on his side, must think himself obliged in conscience to arm his powers for the extirpation of Christianity; and thus a holy war must cover the face of the whole earth, in which nothing but a miracle could render Christians successful against so vast a disproportion in numbers. So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. The questions contain minimal human commentary, but instead urge students to study to understand Scripture. 3 Jesus asked the Pharisees and experts in the law, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath or not?” 4 But they remained silent. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on Luke 4:14 to 9:50. www.easyenglish.bible. Luke 14 commentary 1. We may not be too certain, however, that the commentators have fully understood what Jesus meant here. He was often Paul’s companion in his travels. We must carry our own cross (14:27). So then every one of you This clause shows what is meant by the calculation of expenses, with which Christ enjoins his followers to begin: it is to lead them to consider that they must forsake all In vain do persons who are delighted with an easy, indolent life, and with exemption from the cross, undertake a profession of Christianity. But when thou art bidden, go and sit in the lowest place; that when he that hath bidden thee cometh, he may say to thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have glory in the presence of all that sit at meat with thee. Went into the house of one of the rulers ... And they could not answer again unto these things. A public robber in Persia, known by the name of Yacoub, ibn Leits Saffer, broke open the treasury of Dirhem, the governor of Sistan. Trench explained what was probably in the mind of that guest who thus spoke in Jesus' presence: Such a carnal view of God's kingdom was wrong, of course; but there was an even greater wrong in the assumption of the guest that himself and all the other Jews would enjoy such a messianic banquet to the exclusion of all others, especially Gentiles. How may men cultivate humility? But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee. As Barclay suggested, "Many a man has decided to burn his clubs after watching the Golf Open Championship. For I say unto you, that none of those men that were bidden shall taste of my supper. This is even more than Paul wrote. It has been often noted that there was really no compelling reason behind any of the excuses. Luke’s interest was not historical. " As this had not yet been accomplished at the time of this parable, it is clear that the parable was prophetic at this point, moving altogether beyond the narrow circle of Israel, either of its leaders or its less noble classes. The book of Acts contains passages in which the author includes himself as a companion of Paul (‘we’ in Acts 16:10-17; 20:5-21:18; 27:1-28:16). The governor finding in the morning that the treasury had been broken open, and that nothing was carried off, ordered it to be published, that "Whoever the robber was who had broke open the treasury, if he declared himself, he should be freely pardoned, and that he should not only receive no injury, but should be received into the good graces of the governor." This parable represents the absurdity of those who undertook to be disciples of Christ, without considering what difficulties they were to meet with, and what strength they had to enable them to go through with the undertaking. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor and maimed and blind and lame. II, Luke, p. 239. For, even upon the supposition that in some countries it might tend to promote and establish the purity of the Gospel, yet it must surely be a great impediment to its progress. For which of you, desiring to build a tower, doth not first sit down and count the cost, whether he have wherewith to complete it? EXEGESIS: LUKE 4:14-44. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Luke 4:14-21 . (2) They can look at the lives and achievements of others which exceed their own in excellence and glory. (2). "3rd. 2 There in front of him was a man suffering from abnormal swelling of his body. 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